sábado, 19 de janeiro de 2013

timor lorosae notícias 19 janeiro 2013


Posted: 18 Jan 2013 04:14 PM PST

WSWS - 18 January 2013

The working class and oppressed masses of Asia confront a deepening economic and social crisis and the rising danger of war. As the ruling classes resort to the poison of nationalism and militarism, the unification of workers on the basis of socialist internationalism takes on an urgent necessity.

The fault lines of a new world war are nowhere more apparent than in Asia. The Obama administration’s “pivot to the Asia Pacific” has heightened geo-political tensions across the region as it strengthens old military alliances, forms new strategic partnerships, establishes new basing arrangements and repositions military assets—all aimed at containing China.

By encouraging allies to aggressively assert their interests, the US has inflamed flashpoints across the region. Spurred on by Washington, the Philippines and Vietnam are seeking to forge a front of South East Asian countries to bolster their position in territorial disputes with China in the South China Sea. South Korea, with US support, ended the previous Sunshine Policy aimed at opening up relations with North Korea, ensuring tensions remain high on the Korean Peninsula.

The recklessness of US foreign policy is especially evident in the frictions that have erupted between Japan and China over the disputed Senkaku/Diaoyu islands in the East China Sea. Since September, when Tokyo “nationalised” the rocky outcrops, Japanese and Chinese maritime vessels and now aircraft have been engaged in risky moves and counter-moves in nearby waters and airspace. Any incident threatens to escalate into a confrontation involving the world’s three largest economies—the US, China and Japan.

The Obama administration’s hypocrisy knows no bounds. US Assistant Secretary of State Kurt Campbell yesterday called for “cooler heads to prevail” in the island dispute, even as the US is holding joint exercises with Japan to strengthen its “island defence”. While declaring Washington’s “neutrality” in the territorial controversy, American officials have repeatedly affirmed that the US would side militarily with Japan in any conflict over the islands.

By pushing Tokyo to confront Beijing, the US has helped fuel the revival of Japanese nationalism and militarism, which dominated last month’s elections and resulted in a right-wing government headed by Prime Minister Shinzo Abe. Within weeks of taking office, this government has announced the first increase in military spending in a decade, beefed up Japanese forces around the disputed islands and embarked on a diplomatic offensive to strengthen economic and strategic ties in South East Asia.

Abe intends to modify the so-called pacifist clause of Japan’s post-war constitution, to transform its Self Defence Forces into “a normal military” capable of prosecuting the interests of Japanese imperialism. The re-emergence of Japanese militarism is already shifting regional alignments, with the Philippine government announcing closer cooperation with Tokyo and publicly supporting a “militarily stronger Japan” as a counterbalance to China.

The driving force behind Obama’s “pivot” to Asia is the worsening global economic crisis. The US is seeking to counteract its economic decline by using military power to maintain its global dominance, particularly in Asia, which is central to globalised production. The Asian economies, however, far from being an independent motor for economic growth, are now being hit by the slump in their European and American export markets. The growth rate in China fell sharply in 2012 from 10.4 to 7.7 percent, and in India, from 8.9 to 5.5 percent. Japan is once again in recession.

Like their counterparts in Europe and America, the ruling classes in Asia have only one solution to their mounting economic problems: to attempt to shift the economic burden onto the working class at home and their rivals abroad. The noxious fumes of nationalism are rising throughout the region as governments seek to project the mounting social tensions generated by their austerity measures outward against a foreign “enemy”.

The nationalist clamour being whipped up by the ruling elites in Japan and China is rooted in their fear of social upheaval as their economies contract. Similarly, the border dispute in Kashmir between India and Pakistan, which has already led to two wars, has again flared up as New Delhi and Islamabad stir up communal animosities to deflect attention from their internal crises.

The outpouring of nationalism is accompanied by a developing arms race. While Washington chooses to highlight China’s defence budget, military spending is expanding across the region. According to the International Institute for Strategic Studies, Asia was set to overtake Europe in military spending last year. The 2011 defence budgets of China, Japan and India were $US89.9 billion, $58.2 billion and $37 billion, respectively. South East Asian countries collectively increased their spending by 13.5 percent to $24.5 billion. The US defence budget, at some $670 billion, still dwarfed all potential rivals.

While there are obvious differences, the present situation does have resonances with the pre-war period of the 1930s, when Japanese imperialism sought to extricate itself from economic depression through colonial conquest. Its military occupation of China put Japan on a collision course with US imperialism that led to war throughout Asia and the Pacific. Over the past two decades, the collapse of the Soviet Union, capitalist restoration in China and India’s turn to pro-market policies have created ambitious capitalist elites seeking their own place in the imperialist order, greatly heightening regional rivalry and the danger of a catastrophic nuclear conflict.

The same processes have also led to a vast expansion of the working class in Asia—home to half the world’s population. Along with its class brothers and sisters around the world, this is the only social force capable of halting the worsening social misery and slide into the barbarism of war by abolishing its root cause—capitalism—and establishing a world-planned socialist economy. Above all, that requires a political fight against all forms of nationalism and communalism to unite workers internationally. In turn, the working class must settle political accounts with Stalinism, especially its Maoist variant, which, by subordinating the proletariat to the national bourgeoisie, is responsible for one devastating betrayal after another.

This means drawing the necessary lessons from the protracted struggle of the international Trotskyist movement against Stalinism in the course of the 20th century, and building sections of the International Committee of Fourth International throughout Asia to lead the revolutionary struggles ahead.

Peter Symonds

Posted: 18 Jan 2013 02:57 PM PST

Suara Timor Lorosae - Posting Husi : Josefa Parada

DILI - Relasiona ho kazu Veneno nebe lanu povu iha distritu Baucau kuaze ema nain 40 resin, to’o oras ne’e Policia Nasional Timor Leste (PNTL) Distritu Baucau Seidauk Simu keixa husi Vitima veneno, maske kazu ne’e akontese duni iha distritu Baucau.

Komandante PNTL Distritu Baucau superintendenti Xefi Faustino da Costa rekoinese katak iha ema kuaze nain 40 resin mak konsege afeita ba veneno, maibe kestaun boot ba PNTL konsidera kazu krime semu publika nebe presiza keixa husi vitima, to’o oras ne’e vitima seidauk hatama keixa ba PNTL Distritu Baucau.

“kaju nee’e ita konseidera hanesan kazu krime semi publiku ida nebe presiza keixa husi vitima sira maibe too data ida ohin loron vitima sira seidauk aprezenta kazu ba PNTL katak sira afeitadu husi hahan nebe mak sira konsumu,” dehan Fautin ba  jornalista Sesta (18/01) iha kuartel geral PNTL Caicoli.

Nia hatutan maske orgaun soberanu sira husu atu halo prosesu investigasaun maibe tuir prosedementu nebe mak iha kazu veneno PNTL presiza iha kazu sira hanesan nee’e tenki seir iha keixa husi vitima. Informasaun kompletu iha STL Jornal no STL Web, edisaun Sabado (19/1).Timotio Gusmão/Tomas Sanches 

Posted: 18 Jan 2013 02:54 PM PST

Suara Timor Lorosae- Posting Husi : Josefa Parada

DILI - Tinan 2012 Policia Nasional Timor Leste (PNTL) Distritu Baucau Konsege Rejista Kazu Krime nebe akontese Iha Distritu Baucau Kuaze 253, kazu hirak ne’e la inkliu asidente trafiku nebe akontese Iha distritu Baucau.

Tuir Komandante PNTL Distritu Baucau superintendenti Xefi Faustino da Costa katak iha tinan 2012 komando distritu Baucau konsege registu kaju lubuk ida kompostu husi kaju krime hamutuk 253 la inkliu asindente trafiku nebe 160 maibe kazu nebe boot liu mak ofensa korporais.

“Kazu asltu no baku malu mak rejista aas liu iha Baucsau nia laran no mos kazu nebe ba oin sei boot liu mak problema rai, tamba rai sai kazu ida nebe boot tamba deit area desputa entre sidadaun sira,” dehan Faustino ba JOrnalista Sesta (18/01) iha kuartel geral PNTL Caicoli.

Relasiona ho kazu nebe mak akontese tuir komandante nee’e katak sei halo aktividade iha tempu badak sei halo aktividade enkotru ho komonidade sira hamutuk komandu tun ba iha distritu atu hasoru malu ho administrador distritu no sub-distritu. Informasaun kompletu iha STL Jornal no STL Web, edisaun Sabado (19/1). Timotio Gusmão/Tomas Sanches 

Posted: 18 Jan 2013 10:52 AM PST

The Jakarta Post - Thu, January 17 2013, 2:43 PM

Although it is unlikely that the 2014 presidential election will produce a non-Javanese president, experts have expressed their optimism that the country could soon elect a leader who does not hail from the country’s largest ethnic group.

Indria Samego, a political analyst with the Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI), said that with constant political education, especially among rural voters, the country could soon vote for a credible, non-Javanese politician as president.

“We must start now because it will take a long time to educate the people. Change is unlikely to happen next year, but this country can witness a huge transformation at least by the following election in 2019 if we start educating our voters immediately,” Indria told The Jakarta Post on Sunday.

Indria was commenting on a statement by former vice president Jusuf Kalla that Indonesians were ready to elect a president who was not Javanese, arguing that the ethnic background of politicians mattered less at the national level today.

Posted: 18 Jan 2013 10:40 AM PST

Geraldine Panapasa – Fiji Times - Friday, January 18, 2013

THE World Bank provided 13 loans totalling $US146million ($F255.77m) to Fiji for projects in infrastructure, telecommunications and electricity since 1971 says Franz Drees-Gross, newly-appointed World Bank country director for Timor Leste, Papua New Guinea and the Pacific islands.

The Sydney-based director said the last loan to Fiji was in 1991 and all loans since 1971 to Fiji had been paid.

"World Bank financing terms depend very much on a country's capacity to take on debt," he said.

"For most of the Pacific islands, we now provide predominantly grand funds although in some we also provide some highly concessional credits at zero per cent interest.

"I'm pleased to say that at least in the broader Pacific region, we have never had any issues with any countries not being able to repay."

Mr Drees-Gross said the bank provided about $US2m ($F3.50m) in finance for the Pacific islands, PNG and Timor Leste.

Much of this, he said, had been in the past few years with the present active portfolio of $US570m ($F1.002billion) directed to all projects that had been approved within the past 5-6 years.

"We have been significantly scaling up our engagement in the Pacific region. Five years ago, the total value of our active portfolio was about $US350m ($F615.3m)," he said.

"About two thirds of financing comes from bank resources while the rest is trust funds provided to the bank to implement especially, but not only, from the Australian government.

"Pacific island countries have a growing share of our portfolio as we have built programmes with traditional clients such as Samoa, Solomon Islands and Tonga as well as expanding support for new clients like Kiribati, Tuvalu and the Marshall Islands."

Mr Drees-Gross said the World Bank focussed on tackling poverty in Pacific island countries, PNG and Timor-Leste.

He said the bank aimed to help countries improve their connections with the region through better transport, aviation and telecom links, build resilience against shocks such as natural disasters and climate change, and improving education and health for its citizens.

The private sector arm of the bank, International Finance Corporation (IFC), also encouraged new investment to promote jobs and growth.

The bank has 40 active projects across the region making real improvements in peoples' lives.

Posted: 18 Jan 2013 10:29 AM PST

Rádio Liberdade Díli - Sesta, 18 Janeiru 2013 10:57 - Autor Santino Dare Matias

Radio, online – Organizasaun massa CPD-RDTL husu Primeiru Mnistru (PM), Kay Rala Xanana Gusmao lalika rona no fiar ba propaganda husi ema oportunista sira. Koordinador Jeral Comite ezekutivu da luta CPD-RDTL, Mario dos Reis liu husi konferesia da emprensa iha sede CPD-RDTL, Balide (16/1).

Ba jornalista Mario, dehan, kombantentes no veteranus ne’ebe tuba iha CPD-RDTL halo serbisu iha ididak nian fatin, halo konsentrasaun iha tasi mane, fatin neba funu nain sira barak fakar-ran no mate durante funu.

Prezensa iha neba hodi aproveita rai transmigrasaun nudar estadu nian propriedade ba koperativa nasional ho objetivu atu kore independensia ba rai liur. Dalan ne’e hahu hametin RDTL nia soberania ekonomia. Prezensa ne’e mos loke dala komunikasaun no koinesementu governu ho autoridade rejional.

“Ami husu ba ema hotu lalika halo reasaun oioin, liliu husu ba maun bo’ot Xanana labele sai indiferente no rona liu propaganda husi ema oportunista sira hodi kontra fali inisiativa no asaun valoriza estadu nia intereses,”dehan Mario.

Koordinador Jeral Comite ezekutivu da luta CPD-RDTL ne’e hatutan, irmaun Xanana nudar Veteranus ne’ebe koinese liu prosesu, nebe diak liu kopera no reforsa deit apoiu bo’ot nebe Xefi Estadu fo uluk tiha ona hodi tulun mos husi herois tomak sira nia klamar atur servisu todan ne’e bele hetan rezultadu.

Ikus liu CPD-RDTL husu ba estadu hodi forma asembelia rejional no lokal, tuir konstituasaun original tinan 1975 hodi hametin poder ezekutivo iha nivel rejional no lokal.

“Lalika halo tan promosaun ba Camaras Municipais ne’ebe la vale no kaduka tiha ona tamba laos RDTL nia estrutura rasik,”komenta hodi taka.

Posted: 18 Jan 2013 10:26 AM PST

Rádio Liberdade Dili - Sesta, 18 Janeiru 2013 11:02 - Autor Santino Dare Matias

Radio, online – Ministru Negosiu Estranjeiru no Koperasaun Internasional Fiji, Ratu Inoke Kubuabola vizita ofisial mai Timor Leste hodi hametin liutan relasaun entre nasaun rua ne’e desde tinan 2000 no ba futuru.

Iha vizita ne’e Ministru Kubuabola simu husi Ministru MEC, TL, Jose Luis Guterres iha pantai kelapa, Dili, Kinta, (17/1).

Hafoin dada lia ba jornalista, Ministru Jose Luis Guterres dehan, nasaun Fiji fo tulun TL desde TL hetan ninia independensia iha 2000 liu husi  forsa interfet ne’ebe komanda husi forsa Australia.

Tuir Jose Luis kooperasaun ne’ebe mak agora lao dadaunm TL ho Fiji iha area edukasaun, turismu no medisina. “Agora dadaun ita nia medisina balun mos estuda iha Fiji,”dehan Lugu.

Lugu hatutan, Fiji nasaun ne’ebe iha potensial maka’as iha area turismu. Rendimentu ba estadu maka’as mak turismu nian. Ho vizita MNEC Fiji nian mai ne’e pasu pozitivu atu dudu TL iha area turismu.

Iha fatin hanesan MNEC, Fiji, Kubuabola hateten, vizita ofisial ne’e mai TL hanesan vizita premeiru iha tinan 2013. Vizita ne’e importante tebes atu nasaun rua ne’e fo apoiu malu hodi ajuda ididak nia povu.

“Hau lori estadu Fiji nia politika espesial mai TL mak iha futuru mai povu TL hakarak vizita Fiji la presiza vistu,”dehan Kubuabola.

Posted: 18 Jan 2013 04:25 AM PST

O Primeiro Ministro, Kay Rala Xanana Gusmão e o presidente da Função Pública, Libório Pereira, encontraram-se ontem com os funcionários públicos para discutirem sobre o seu desempenho, dedicação e integridade para com o povo e a nação timorense.

Xanana Gusmão pediu a todos os funcionários públicos, através dos inspectores gerais de cada ministério, os directores gerais e chefes dos departamentos para resolverem todos os problemas que acontecerem dentro do seu próprio ministério, para que no futuro o trabalho de Estado esteje a funcionar bem. Isto para ganharem confiança e darem confiança ao Estado e ao povo.

Durante o encontro muitos dos inspectores e directores gerais apresentaram algumas dificuldades, nomeadamente sobre o orçamento e as facilidades de trabalho, mas o Primeiro Ministro pediu para não falar sobre esse assunto, uma vez que o objectivo do encontro era tratar sobre a carreira dos funcionários.
SAPO TL (foto) com Suara Timor Lorosa’e

Posted: 18 Jan 2013 04:19 AM PST

Suara Timor Lorosae - Posting Husi : Josefa Parada

DILI - Reprejentante povu iha uma fukun Parlamentu Nasional (PN) liu-liu bankada Opozisaun FRETILIN preokupa tebes ho governu nian aktividade halo limpeja jeral sesta semana kotuk, maibe lixu barak sei namkari iha capital Dili.

Preokupasaun ne’e hato husi deputadu bankada Fretilin Inacio Moreira ba jornalista sira iha uma fukun PN, katak limpeja jeral nebe governu hamutuk ho komunidade sira halao iha Sesta semana kotuk, halo sidade Dili kontinua foer.

“Hau senti katak, governu foin lalais halo limpeja jeral ne’e la raut kedas lixu sira ne’e, tanba foer sei barak iha komunidade sira nia uma oin, ida ne’e maka ita hotu nia preokupasaun,” hateten Deputadu bankada FRETILIN Inacio  Morreira ba jornalista  iha uma fukun PN  Kinta  (17/01).

Nune’e mos Deputada bankada FRETILIN Ana Ribeiro hateten, bainhira governu halo limpeja ne’e foer sira ne’e tula kedas ba tau iha fatin, tanba to’o agora lixu sira ne’e sei tau hamutuk namkari iha sidade Dili. Informasaun kompletu iha STL Jornal no STL Web, edisaun Sabado (19/1). Jasinta Sequeira 

Posted: 18 Jan 2013 04:09 AM PST

Suara Timor Lorosae - Posting Husi : Josefa Parada

DILI - Reprejentante Povu Iha Uma fukun Parlamentu Nasional (PN), liu husi Komsaun D asuntu ekonomia no dezemvolvimentu hamutuk ho Ministeriu Petroliu ho Rekursu Minarai (MPRM) sei rejolve trabailador nebe servisu iha tasi mane.

Tuir komunikadu nebe STL asesu husi Ministeriu Petrolium no Rekursu Minarais katak, Ministeriu Petroleu no Rekursus Minerais hamutuk ho Komisaun D iha Parlamentu Nasional, Tersa semana ne’e,  hasoru malu ho Trabalhadores Timor Oan ne’ebe durante ne’e servisu iha Tasi laran – Bayu Undang, Bluewater no kompanhia oin-oin hodi diskute konaba problemas  balun nebe sira enfrenta durante ne’e.

Tuir Jose do Santos katak, asuntu tolu ne’e hamosu diskriminasaun entre trabalhador Timor Oan no Estrangeiru nebe servisu iha Tasi laran tamba kompanhia oin-oin  nebe  enprega sira la halo tratamentu nebe hanesan.

“Ami lubuk ida ne’e servisu iha kampanhia nebe la hanesan, balun iha Conoco Philips, balun iha kompanhia nebe sai sub ba Conoco Philips no kompañia seluk tan iha Bayu Undan no Bluewater. Mosu tratamentu nebe la hanesan, diferensa salariu, problema taxa, direitu ba ferias, no laiha justisa iha atendimentu ba ami wainhira moras” dehan Jose iha Komonikadu Imprensa ne’e.

Hatan ba problemas sira ne’e, Ministru do Petroleu e Rekursus Minerais, Alfredo Pires hateten, Governo sei resolve problemas ne’e em breve no fo ona orientasaun ba Presidente Autoridade Nasional do Petroleu atu hari komite ida lalais, hodi fo solusaun ba preokupasaun sira ne’e. Informasaun kompletu iha STL Jornal no STL Web, edisaun Sabado (19/1). Timotio Gusmão

Posted: 18 Jan 2013 04:02 AM PST

Suara Timor Lorosae- Posting Husi : Josefa Parada

DILI – Sigundu Komandante Geral Polisia Nasional Timor Leste (PNTL) Komisariu, Afonso de Jesus, hatete problema droga kontinua tama iha Timor Leste tanba menus rekursu iha fronteira.

Informasaun ne’e hato’o hosi, Sigundu Komandante Geral PNTL, Afonso de Jesus, ba jornalista sira iha kuartel geral PNTL Kaikoli Sesta (18/01).

“Ema barak mak kestiona ho droga tama iha Timor Leste tanba dehan Polisia iha area fronteira mak la kontrola maibe ita mos tenke rekuinese ita nia rekursu ne’ebe mak iha fronteira, iha fronteira ita kompara ho ema seluk ita iha deit 236 pesoas ne’ebe kobre iha parte Oecusse, Maliana nomos Cova Lima iha distritu 3 ne’e mak ita hetan total 236 ita bot sira imajina tok 236 bele kobre distritu 3 ne’e iha fronteira,” hatete Afonsu.

Iha fatin ketak Komandante Servisu Investigasaun Criminal (SIC), Superintendente Xefe, Calistro Gonzaga, iha semana kotuk PNTL foin kaptura tan ema nain 5, nain 2 ema estranjerus no nain 3 timor oan ne’ebe mak uza aimoruk at hanesan Sabu-Sabu no nia mos hatete PNTL kontinua halo operasaun hodi kaptura ema se deit ne’ebe mak lori aimoruk at tama iha Timor Leste. Informasaun kompletu iha STL Jornal no STL Web, edisaun Sabado (19/1). Tomas Sanches/ Timotio Gusmão 

Posted: 18 Jan 2013 03:54 AM PST

Brisbane Times - Lindsay Murdoch, SOUTH-EAST ASIA CORRESPONDENT FOR FAIRFAX MEDIA - View more articles from Lindsay Murdoch - Photo: Jason South

WAILING in grief, Lucia Pina stood over the body of her murdered 17-year-old nephew and threw her hands in the air.

''I was in shock and pleading with God to protect innocent Timorese,'' she remembers.

The photographer Jason South captured the moment on May 11, 1999, amid a reign of terror in Dili during a United Nations-sponsored referendum that led to East Timor's breakaway from Indonesia.

The referendum fuelled optimism about the world's then newest nation. But as the last Australian infantry troops withdrew from East Timor on Friday, marking the first time in almost 500 years the small half-island nation is standing alone in the world, Mrs Pina said life had improved little for her family and she worried about the future.

''The rich people are getting richer and the poor are getting poorer,'' she says, sitting near the grave of her nephew, Elizier Dos Reis, who was hacked to death by pro-Indonesia militia, apparently because his family was giving away rice to independence supporters.

Despite massive spending of oil and gas revenue by East Timor's government, the lack of spending on education and health in the country is worse than in Bangladesh, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea and other nations considered poor, says Charles Scheiner, a founder of the respected Dili-based non-government organisation La'o Hamutuk.

''The number of people living below the poverty line has increased over the past five years, even though the government has spent billions of dollars,'' Mr Scheiner says.

The Dos Reis family is typical of many in East Timor as the country emerges from Portuguese and Indonesian occupation and the shadow of the UN, which shut its mission in Dili on December 31, 13 years after arriving in the country.

Fifteen people are living in a bare house in the Dili suburb of Santa Cruz existing on $US150 ($140) a month the government pays in compensation for Elizier's death.

''Sometimes we do not have enough money to buy food and someone has to go and see relatives outside Dili to bring some back,'' says Maria Dos Reis, 24, who is Elizier's sister.

Her father, Manuel Dos Reis, 62, suffered a stroke four months ago and lies motionless, staring into space on a bed.

Mrs Dos Reis, a mother of two, says she also does not feel safe because ''people in the neighbourhood are always threatening each other''.

She says the Australians who used to patrol Dili's streets were friendly and popular and liked to play with the children. ''I felt safer with them here,'' she says.

Fifty of the last Australian infantry troops in East Timor boarded an RAAF C-130 transport aircraft Friday, ending a six-year intervention that helped secure stability.

''I'm looking forward to getting home, seeing the missus and having a beer,'' said Private James Cerone, 20, from Narre Warren in Victoria, as he boarded the plane for Adelaide, where his platoon is based. ''It's been good experience … mostly training, and I'll see where it all takes me now,'' he said.

As the troops leave, East Timor's leaders face crucial decisions that will define their country's future, including how to resolve a dispute with a Woodside Petroleum-led consortium over development of the Greater Sunrise gasfield in the Timor Sea.

They can withdraw East Timor from agreements with Australia and Woodside on Greater Sunrise next month, a move that could reignite a bitter dispute with Canberra over sea boundaries in the Timor Sea.

Mr Scheiner says that if East Timor continues to spend oil and gas revenues at the rate it has been for the past several years it will be bankrupt in about 2024.

This is when twice as many Timorese as now will be looking for jobs, and foreign debt repayments will be due.

Mr Scheiner does not think donor countries will support East Timor to the extent it would need if the money runs out. ''If the Timorese blew $30 billion of oil and gas revenue, why would anybody feel sorry for them,?'' he says. ''There are many places in the world that need more help and don't have access to oil and gas revenues.''

Even before the UN and foreign troops withdrew, almost all the country's decisions were made by the 66-year-old Prime Minister, Xanana Gusmao, a former jungle fighter during Indonesia's 24-year occupation who was re-elected last year. This month he was seen directing traffic outside his office. When some of his staff were late for work the other day he locked them out.

''Nobody in government makes a decision that is contrary to what Xanana wants,'' an analyst living in Dili says.

Lieutenant Colonel Mick Sasse, commander of the departing Australian troops, says he feels a ''growing sense that the Timorese want to get on with being an independent nation''.

''We have provided the security environment … they can stand on their own. It's time,'' he says.

Posted: 18 Jan 2013 01:56 AM PST

Sydney Morning Herald - Lindsay Murdoch, South-east Asia Correspondent, Dili - January 18, 2013 - 2:28PM - Photo: Jason South

FIFTY of the last Australian infantry troops in East Timor boarded an RAAF C-130 transport aircraft today, ending a six-year intervention that has helped secure stability in the nation.

‘‘I’m looking forward to getting home, seeing the missus and having a beer,’’ said Private James Cerone, 20, from Narre Warren in Victoria as he boarded the plane for Adelaide,where his platoon is based.

“We have provided a secure environment for them to get on with their future . . . they can stand on their own.” 

‘‘It’s been good experience . . . mostly training and I’ll see where it all takes me now,’’ he said.

Lieutenant-Colonel Mick Sasse, commander of the departing troops, said he has felt a growing sense that East Timorese want to get on with being an independent nation.

‘‘We have provided a secure environment for them to get on with their future,’’ Colonel Sasse said. ‘‘They can stand on their own . . . it’s time,’’ he said.

Australian troops were deployed to Dili in 2006 to help quell violent upheaval, forming a joint task force with New Zealand called the International Stabilisation Force (ISF).

But the task force has not been required to respond to violence since rebel attacks on former president Jose Ramos Horta and prime minister Xanana Gusmao in 2007.

Clinton Fernandes, a University of New South Wales senior lecturer and  expert on East Timor, said the troops at first operated in a complex environment where they were confronted by barefoot teenagers armed with petrol cans to burn down houses.

He said the troops minimised interaction with Timorese ‘‘except under highly controlled circumstances, always watching for hidden weapons’’.

‘‘That might have been appropriate in Afghanistan and Iraq, but not in a place like East Timor,’’ he said. ‘‘But bad habits die hard.’’

Charles Scheiner, a founder of the Dili-based non-governmental organisation La’o Hamutuk, said the troops have mainly used East Timor for training for four or five years, keeping a low profile among Timorese.

The withdrawal of the Australians follows the winding-up of a United Nations mission on December 31, leaving East Timor to stand on its own for the first time in almost 500 years.

The country was occupied by Portugal for more than 450 years and Indonesia for 24 years and was then under the shadow of successive UN missions.The deployment has cost Australia hundreds of millions of dollars.

Four Australians died while on the deployment, but none while responding to violence.

Posted: 18 Jan 2013 01:48 AM PST

Adulai Indjai - Didinho

No fim do mês de Janeiro corrente, o Senhor José Ramos Horta vai iniciar o exercício das suas actividades como Representante Especial do Secretário-Geral das Nações Unidas na República da Guiné-Bissau. Apesar da minha profunda convicção, de que anima-o a intenção de trabalhar em prol da paz e da estabilidade, e que esse sentimento é sincero, permita-me dizer que não acredito que vai conseguir vencer a luta contra o tempo num xadrez complicado em que o tabuleiro é multicolorido e difícil de arrumar.

A minha dúvida não quer dizer que subestimo a vossa capacidade. Mas, o problema do nosso país, deixou simplesmente de ser um problema político ou de instabilidade passando a ser um problema do tempo. O nosso tempo é escasso, está quase parado. Tenho a impressão que a minha Pátria amada, perdeu a noção do tempo, perdeu o sentido dos ponteiros do relógio; o calendário com as datas, tornou-se num instrumento obsoleto, que não interessa à ninguém.

O país esta completamente estático; as greves sucessivas, que abalam todos os sectores… O ano letivo encurta-se a cada ano… Os salários magros não chegam para suportar as despesas até ao final do mês… As campanhas comerciais da castanha de caju, e outras frutas tropicais, sempre andam em atraso... Tudo isso, são fatores de instabilidade, que geram guerras, miséria, e, frustração a vários níveis porque a perca do tempo cria empobrecimento, que, por sua vez engendra fatores de bloqueio.  

Ora, o bloqueio do tempo é um perigo nefasto para as gerações futuras. A minha geração vive hoje no desespero, preso entre o futuro e o passado, uma vez que nós desconhecemos o presente. As gerações vindouras após a minha, viverão na frustração, sem saber, se um dia serão capazes de sanear, todos os males que vão herdar dos mais velhos. E, quando começarem a ceifar os males do tempo deles, então nós estaremos fora do tempo.   

O tempo é necessário para avaliar as perdas, as vitórias. Mas, não podemos somente calcular as duas hipóteses devemos, sobretudo, calcular a quantidade do tempo perdido a tentar conquistar uma vitória, os meios despendidos, humanos e financeiros. 

A teoria do cálculo do tempo, no caso da Guiné-Bissau, é sumamente difícil, mas não impossível de todo. Aproveito para vos felicitar em aceitar o desafio de representar o Secretário-geral das Nações Unidas na Guiné-Bissau, quer dizer, chefiar o Bureau do UNIOGBIS (Escritório Integrado das Nações Unidas para a Consolidação da paz na Guiné-Bissau). Pra refrescar a memória coletiva, vou referir o tempo que esta missão das Nações Unidas já gastou na Guiné-Bissau. Foram 14 anos. A representação especial foi criada a 6 de Abril de 1999, pela resolução 1233 do Conselho de Segurança das Nações Unidas. Quantos representantes já ocuparam esse posto? Samuel Nana-sinkam, camaronês – 1999-2002;  David Stephen, inglês – 2002-2004;  João Bernardo Honwana, moçambicano – 2004-2006;  Shola Omoregie, nigeriano – 2006-2008; Joseph Mutaboba, ruandês – 2009-2012.

O que é que esses diplomatas trouxeram à Guiné-Bissau durante a sua missão? A resposta é simples: NADA. 
Os seus antecessores, Senhor Ramos Horta, perderam tempo. Aliás, fizeram mau uso do tempo… Alguns chegaram mesmo a serem considerados persona non grata… Isso significa que não tiveram tempo de sair pela porta grande, foram jogados fora do terreno do jogo - tempo perdido.

Ontem UNOGBIS, hoje UNIOGBIS, não deu NADA. Ao longo dos tempos esta organização produziu relatórios, comunicados, workshops… Os seus antecessores, na opinião de muita gente, escolheram sempre a divisão em vez de se pautarem pela união dos guineenses. Evidentemente, eles pensaram na questão do tempo mas a seu favor, na perspectiva de que quanto mais instabilidade houver na Guiné-Bissau, mais dinheiro se pode ganhar dado que, uma vez que a missão é de alto risco, então o prémio do risco, obviamente, tem que ser chorudo.

O tempo é muito bem calculado em favor da riqueza pessoal de cada pessoa que trabalha nesta organização. A missão que é essencialmente de promover o diálogo para a paz, virou-se na missão de promover o dialogo para guerra, instabilidade, esquecendo-se que quando uma casa queima, o tempo deve ser usado criteriosamente, com sinceridade e responsabilidade. A Guiné-Bissau é uma casa que esta queimando. 
Sr. Ramos Horta, nos tempos que correm hoje em dia, a questão do diálogo é muito sensível. Ao longo de anos, primeiramente UNOGBIS mais tarde UNIOGBIS, usaram e abusaram desse termo sem, no entanto, fazer bom uso dele. O diálogo supõe essencialmente a consolidação da fraternidade a busca de entendimento entre irmãos, exigindo-se uma abertura e aceitação das divergências. Mas ela deve assentar-se na justiça, na procura daquilo que há de comum entre as partes em presença.

Imagino que cada ser humano desejaria, nascer num país onde o soberano é o povo. É verdade que ninguém escolhe o seu local de nascimento. Sou Guineense, vou sê-lo até ao último minuto da minha existência com muito orgulho. Sinto-me revoltado contra mim mesmo, contra o meu povo, mas não contra, os que fazem sofrer o meu povo. Esta minha atitude pode parecer absurda, mas é verdadeira. Porque é que devo revoltar-me contra as pessoas, que não significam nada aos meus olhos? Admirei e admiro até hoje, os nossos antigos e verdadeiros combatentes da liberdade da pátria. Esses camaradas, sabiam valorizar o tempo, souberam respeitar o tempo. Ofereceram-nos o tempo de conhecer o que é o bem-estar, conhecer o valor dos tempos da liberdade apesar de tudo o que vivemos hoje.
O único elemento, que vive no seu tempo é o povo. Os homens passam, as instituições desaparecem, mas o povo resta, o povo é intacto, o povo governa o tempo  porque ele é pura e simplesmente soberano. Mesmo sendo prisioneiro da vontade de um grupo sem escrúpulos, o povo é um vencedor nato, o tempo sempre joga a favor do povo.

Será que Senhor Ramos Horta vai ser capaz de vencer a batalha do tempo? Em que equipa conta jogar? Das regras burocráticas das Nações unidas ou da realidade do nosso povo? O senhor é um ex-combatente, um homem sério, que combateu em nome do seu povo. A liberdade não significa nada sem que o povo viva em paz e estabilidade. E estas duas premissas não se limitam somente no silêncio das armas. Mas estende-se à múltiplas esferas: boa governação, boa educação para todos, sector de saúde eficaz, valorização dos recursos humanos, valorização do trabalho... Em resumo, que cada família do nosso país conheça o bem-estar social, económico e político.

Porém, continuo, a não acreditar apenas na vossa boa vontade, até prova em contrário. O Senhor, para provar o contrário, será capaz de usar o tempo de uma maneira útil? Usar o tempo no presente sem se preocupar se o futuro o degradará. A essência do tempo é servir para preparar o futuro próspero.

No seu caso, o futuro próximo que poderá prometer-nos, passa, conforme defende muita gente, pela aceitação da “convenção do divórcio” que a Guiné-Bissau tanto sonha rubricar com UNIOGBIS que é um factor de bloqueio… Enquanto existir, o nome do nosso país figurará na lista dos chamados “países de alto risco”. Em resumo um país a evitar. Esse status quo leva a que os doadores, os investidores, assim como os turistas, prefiram outro país em vez da Guiné-Bissau. Inversamente, os narcotraficantes, os malfeitores, os corruptos vão escolher o nosso país, como é o caso hoje em dia, para manifestarem a sua exuberância e liberdade de movimentos.

Sr. Ramos Horta boa sorte.

Adulai Indjai             

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