- Presidente de Timor-Leste convoca debate público sobre questões de segurança
- Universidade portuguesa de Aveiro adapta software para quatro parlamentos da CPLP
- FORMER JUSTICE MINISTER LOBATO LOSES APPEAL AND IS JAILED
- INDONESIA-EAST TIMOR-WEST PAPUA: NINE QUESTIONS FOR THE JOHN KERRY
- Timorenses devem reforçar as condições para a estabilidade e confiança no país - PR
- Eis-sekretáriu-ezekutivu husi CPLP sei aprezenta kandidatura ba lideransa PAIGC
- AMES HELPS PREPARE EAST TIMORESE LEAD TEACHERS
- Seul deteta nova atividade em torno do ensaio nuclear da Coreia do Norte
- ÍNDIA ENDURECE PENAS PARA VIOLADORES
Posted: 02 Feb 2013 02:55 PM PST
O Presidente da República de Timor-Leste, Taur Matan Ruak , quer realizar um debate público, para ouvir a opinião pública sobre o papel da população e a responsabilidade da polícia na manutenção da segurança pública.
Taur Matan Ruak pediu às organizações da sociedade civil para promoverem um debate público que incentive a participação do povo.
“As organizações da sociedade civil estão a pensar fazer um debate público com a participação de todos”, adiantou ao Timor Post João Almeida, director da ONG Mahein, organização que se irá empenhar no esclarecimento junto da população das funções dos vários departamentos da polícia.
Posted: 02 Feb 2013 02:47 PM PST
A Universidade de Aveiro (UA), em Portugal, está a adaptar um software de gestão da actividade parlamentar para Angola, Cabo Verde, São Tomé e Príncipe e Timor-Leste.
A adaptação do software de informação parlamentar e legislativo, desenvolvido pela ONU com o objectivo de ajudar a controlar as actividades internas dos parlamentos, está a ser preparada por uma equipa de investigadores do Departamento de Eletrónica, Telecomunicações e Informática da UA, de acordo com comunicado enviado à redacção do SAPO pela UA.
“Como o Bungeni [nome do programa] é genérico em relação ao cenário de cada parlamento, não resolve o problema de nenhum em específico. O programa tem é a potencialidade de ser adaptado à realidade de cada um”, explica Joaquim Sousa Pinto, especialista em sistemas de informação e telemática, coordenador do projecto.
Desenvolvido pelo Departamento dos Assuntos Económicos e Sociais das Nações Unidas (UNDESA), o programa, chamado "Bungeni", é baseado em software livre. Esta característica permite baixar o custo de instalação, razão pela qual foi especialmente pensado pela ONU para os parlamentos de países em vias de desenvolvimento.
O software pretende servir de ponto de entrada para os cidadãos de modo a aumentar a transparência e a participação colectiva nas actividades parlamentares.
Posted: 02 Feb 2013 02:34 PM PST
ETLJB 02 February 2013 - The former Justice Minister of East Timor, Lucia Lobato, has lost her appeal to the Court of Appeal to overturn the Dili District Court's conviction of her on charges related to corruption in a Justice Ministry tender process. Although she was convicted and sentenced to five years imprisonment by the Dili District Court in June 2012, she had remained free pending her appeal to the highest court of the country against her conviction and sentence.
After months of uncertainty, Ms Lobato was reported by Televizaun Timor-Leste on 23 January 2013 to have voluntarily surrendered herself to the Court and was then taken to the prison at Gleno in Ermera District after the majority of the Court of Appeal dismissed her appeal.
Ms Lobato had previously attacked the courts as politically biased after she was convicted by the Dili District Court.
Her lawyer, Mr. Sergio Hornai, had lodged an application for habeus corpus with the Court of Appeal that was rejected on Thursday, 31 January 2013.
However, the Court of Appeal's decision was not unanimous with the Chief Justice, Claudio Ximenes dissenting from the majority decision. In his dissenting judgement, Judge Ximenes wrote in his ruling on the habeus corpus application that the Court had erred in its previous decision to uphold the lower court's verdict. The President of the Court of Appeal delivered his reasons that the Court had made a number of errors in their decision against Lucia Lobato. In his opinion, the decision by the Court on her appeal against convicton had not been final and executable so her detention was not lawful because there had been other proceedings to be heard.
“In my view the applicant accused Lucia Lobato should immediately be released from prison,” Claudio wrote in his ruling on the habeas corpus which was delivered last Wednesday 30 January last.
But the two other judges on the bench of the Court of Appeal, Judge Jose Luis Gouveia and Judge Maria Natercia Gusmao, disagreed with the Chief Judge's reasons and Ms Lobato will remain in prison for the time being.
Defence counsel Sergio Hornai was reported by Timor Post yesterday (01 February 2013) as stating to journalists on 31 January 2013 at the Office of Public Defender in Balide, Dili that he thought that despite being a minority ruling, Judge Ximenes' decision was still good jurisprudence and that he had analysed the habeus corpus request in-depth.
Immediately after the Court of Appeal’s decision, the defence team held an urgent meeting with Lucia Lobato’s husband, Americo Lopes, and her son, Mauhuran, before lodging a constitutional petition with the Court of Appeal yesterday afternoon.
Approached by journalists after the meeting in question, the husband of the former Justice Minister Lucia Lobato declined to comment to the media on his wife’s case, as did her son Mauhuran.
The case raised questions about the rule of law in East Timor and fears that Ms Lobato would not serve any of her sentence or only a part of it. Her uncle, Rogerio Lobato, who was convicted for his role in the distribution of state weapons to civilians that was one of the triggers of the 2006 Crisis in East Timor, was pardoned by the then-President Jose Ramos Horta after serving only a short term of his 7-year sentence.
In addition, the question has been raised why a high public offical should have been represented by the Public Defender whose primary role is to provide legal defence to the poor.
Sources: Timor Post 01/02/2013, East Timor Law and Justice Bulletin 14/12/2012 and 22/12/2012. Edited by Warren L. Wright BA LLB
Posted: 02 Feb 2013 11:56 AM PST
ETAN/West Papua Advocacy Team: Nine Questions for Sen. John Kerry, nominee for Secretary of State, on Indonesia, Timor-Leste and West Papua
Human Rights and Security Assistance
Background: Reform of the military and police in Indonesia has come to halt as the U.S. provides increased assistance to both. No credible effort has been made to bring to justice those responsible for the destruction of Timor-Leste in 1999 or the many human rights violations that occurred during Indonesia's 24-year-long illegal occupation. In July 2010, then Secretary of Defense Robert Gates announced the resumption of engagementwith Indonesia's notorious Kopassus special forces. The U.S.-funded and trained police Detachment 88 is regularly accused of human rights violations. The national government has done little to protect freedom of religion. Indonesian security forces often standby or actively assist in violations of religious freedom. Engaging with Indonesia's military and police has not worked to improve human rights or accountability.
Question: To what extent has U.S. training and other assistance to the Indonesian security forces, especially the Kopassus Special Forces and the "anti-terror" Detachment 88 abetted those forces' violations of human rights? What is the current relationship between the U.S. Administration and such forces as the Indonesian Special Forces and Detachment 88? Have the numerous well-founded allegations of human rights abuse and corruption targeting these institutions been thoroughly examined by the U.S. Administration? What has been the result of those examinations? Do you agree that the U.S. should stop training and selling weapons to the Indonesian military and police?
U.S. Military Assistance to Indonesia
Background: Recent administrations have ended restrictions on military assistance to Indonesia. They argued that U.S. engagement encourages reform and progress on human rights. The opposite is true. Historically, reform in Indonesia has coincided with U.S. restrictions on security assistance. In recent years, the U.S. has re-engaged with Indonesia's notorious Kopassus special forces and is actively considering the sale of Apache attack helicopters which can be used for internal repression, including attacks on civilians in West Papua.
Question: What systems are in place to ensure that U.S.-provided weaponry and associated equipment have not been and will not be employed to violate human rights? Specifically, what guarantees are in place to ensure the Apache attack helicopters will not be employed to support Indonesian security force "sweep" operations in West Papua, where villagers have long suffered indiscriminate security force attacks? What restrictions should be placed on U.S. security assistance to Indonesia as a way to encourage reform, accountability for past human rights crimes, and ongoing respect for human rights?
Indonesia as Strategic Partner
Question: Given the strong and growing ties between the U.S. and Indonesian security forces, what should the U.S. do to influence these forces to end their violations of human rights and corruption and to subordinate themselves to civilian control?
Justice for Timor-Leste
Background: During more than two decades of illegal occupation of Timor-Leste, Indonesian security forces committed serious crimes with impunity, taking as many as 184,000 Timorese lives and torturing, raping and displacing countless others. In 1999, after the East Timorese voted for independence, the Indonesian military and its militia proxies ransacked Timor-Leste. The magnitude of this destruction is clearly documented. Last year during a visit to Timor-Leste, UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon said: "All the perpetrators for the crimes against humanity and war crimes must be brought to justice." Timor-Leste's Commission on Truth, Reception and Reconciliation recommendedan international tribunal should other efforts at justice fail. The government of Indonesia has proved unwilling to hold its security forces accountable.
Question: Do you support going to the UN Security Council to create an international tribunal for East Timor to make certain justice is served? What other steps should the U.S. take to support justice for these serious crimes, war crimes and crimes against humanity committed in East Timor since Indonesia invaded in 1975?
Timor-Leste's Truth Commission
Background: The U.S. government has yet to respond to the report of Timor-Leste's Commission for Reception, Truth and Reconciliation (CAVR), although the president of Timor-Leste officially delivered a copy in 2003. Its recommendationsinclude calls for an international tribunal, reparations from countries that supported the occupation, and restrictions on foreign assistance to the Indonesian military until it shows that it is a rights-respecting institution.
Question: A number of Timor-Leste's Commission for Reception, Truth and Reconciliation recommendations are directed at the U.S. What do you think of the work of the CAVR and its recommendations about justice? Should the U.S. government issue a formal response to the CAVR report?
*see also Congressmembers Urge Greater U.S. Commitment to Promote Justice for Timorese, Call for U.S. Response to CAVR Report
U.S. Aid to Timor-Leste
Background: Timor-Leste has been independent for 10 years and remains heavily dependent on petroleum revenue. Following centuries of exploitation and occupation by external powers, its people are among the most impoverished in Asia. Current U.S. assistance to Timor-Leste is biased toward creating an unregulated economy and is increasingly emphasizing military aid. Former President Jose Ramos-Horta has argued that aid is better spent on the ground for rural development initiatives, rather than "to cover endless study missions, extremely generous consultant fees, repetitive reports and recommendations stating the obvious."
Question: Would you support assistance to Timor-Leste that is focused on improving the lot of the poorest? What should be done to strengthen non-oil sectors of its economy? Do you plan to re-evaluate the assistance the U.S. provides to Timor-Leste to make it more useful and effective? What should be the top priority of U.S. development assistance? Do you think current policy supports that emphasis? What would you change?
Background: The Indonesian government maintains a heavy police and military presence in West Papua. The security forces regularly intimidate and threaten human rights activists, church leaders and members of indigenous communities who support greater autonomy or independence from Indonesia through peaceful means. Restrictions on international journalists, human rights advocates and diplomats hinder independent monitoring. Abuses committed in West Papua include the imprisonment of peaceful activists who raise the "Morning Star" flag, regarded as a symbol of Papuan identity and independence. Indonesian security forces opened fire on the peaceful Third Papuan National Congress in October 2011, killing at least three people. This interference with the right to peacefully assemble and express one's political views is a clear violation of international human rights. Last September, Secretary Clinton on her visit to Indonesia "deplore[d] violence of any sort in Papua" and called for "dialogue between Papuan representatives in the Indonesian Government" aimed at "resolving conflict peacefully, [and] improving governance and development."
Question: Does U.S. security assistance to Indonesia help or hinder an end to violence in West Papua? How can the U.S. best assist a peaceful resolution of the conflict there? Would you support suspension of security assistance to Indonesia until these human rights violations cease in West Papua?
Military Be Held Accountable for Deliberate and Systematic Abuses in West Papua?” Hearing in House of Representatives September 22, 2010; Members of U.S. Congress Call Upon Indonesia to End Systematic Abuses in West Papua(November 18, 2011); Congressmember Faleomavaega Calls on Indonesia to Assure Safe and Humane Treatment of West Papuans in Custody and to Work for Their Release (October 21. 2011)
West Papua Special Autonomy
Background: Since passage of legislation in 2001, the Indonesian government has pledged to institute "special autonomy" within West Papua. The approach, as conceived, was to grant greater autonomy to West Papua and to end decades of neglect that has led to stagnation of development and denial of basic services. For decades, West Papua has ranked at the bottom of for Indonesian provinces on indices measuring health, education and employment opportunities. The people of West Papua, through their elected and civil society leaders and through mass demonstrations, have declared "special autonomy" a failure. Nevertheless, the U.S. government continues to support this failed approach.
Question: Under your leadership, will the Department of State review "special autonomy" in the provinces of Papua and West Papua, and will you press the Indonesian government to revamp its failed approach to West Papua?
Access to West Papua
Background: The Government of Indonesia has long sought to prevent the international community from witnessing the repression of the Papuan people. It has forced the closure of the offices of the International Committee of the Red Cross and Peace Brigades International, blocked missions by Amnesty International and other international human right organizations, and regularly blocked or impeded travel to or within West Papua by diplomats, international journalists, researchers and others. A joint report by the Faith-Based Network on West Papua, Franciscans International, Papua Land of Peace and the Asian Human Rights Commission concluded that the Indonesian government is tightening restrictions on journalists and non-governmental organizations which seek to cover developments in West Papua. The U.S. Congress and several U.S. administrations have repeatedly called for an end to restrictions on travel to West Papua.
Question: What specific steps would the State Department, under your leadership, take to end restrictions on access to West Papua by journalists, humanitarian organizations and others?
Posted: 02 Feb 2013 04:25 AM PST
MSE – GC - Lusa
Díli, 02 fev (Lusa) - O Presidente de Timor-Leste, Taur Matab Ruak, disse hoje que os timorenses devem reforçar as condições para a estabilidade e confiança, porque são os únicos responsáveis pela segurança e a defesa do país.
Taur Matan Ruak discursava por ocasião do 12º aniversário da criação das FALINTIL - Forças de Defesa de Timor-Leste (FALINTIL - FDTL), que foi comemorado com uma parada e a promoção de algumas dezenas de militares.
"A segurança e a defesa de Timor-Leste estão agora nas mãos dos filhos de Timor. Devemos reforçar as condições para a estabilidade e a confiança", afirmou Taur Matan Ruak, recordando o fim da missão de manutenção de paz da ONU, no passado 31 de dezembro.
O chefe de Estado timorense destacou também que a "nova missão nacional" é o dever de todos os timorenses trabalharem com "devoção para o desenvolvimento social, económico, técnico, científico e cultural" do país.
Para o Presidente, as forças de defesa podem ser uma "mais-valia" para o processo desenvolvimento do país através do apoio às comunidades, especialmente nas zonas rurais mais carenciadas.
No discurso, de cerca de 15 minutos, o Presidente disse que as forças de defesa do país são uma "força moderna, disciplinada e responsável", que continua a apostar no seu desenvolvimento técnico e profissional.
Para isso, segundo Taur Matan Ruak, conta com o apoio dos países amigos de Timor-Leste, destacando a cooperação técnico-militar com Portugal, Brasil, Austrália, Nova Zelândia e Estados Unidos.
Na cerimónia, onde também discursou o chefe das Forças de defesa de Timor-Leste, general Lere Anan Timur, participaram o primeiro-ministro e ministro da Defesa timorense, Xanana Gusmão, membros do governo e corpo diplomático, bem como familiares dos militares promovidos a tenentes, alferes, sargentos e cabos.
As FALINTIL - Forças de Defesa de Timor-Leste foram criadas a 01 de fevereiro de 2001, durante a administração transitória das Nações Unidas, na sequência da realização do referendo de 1999 que deu a independência ao país.
Posted: 02 Feb 2013 04:19 AM PST
Horseik, eis-sekretáriu-ezekutivu CPLP, Domingos Simões Pereira haktuir katak nia mós sei kandidata-aan ba kargu lideransa PAIGC nian, no ninia kandidatura ba prezidénsia husi partidu Guiné sei aprezenta “iha fulan Fevereiru ninia rohan ká iha inisiu fulan Marsu”.
“Ha’u bele asegura katak (preparasaun ba kandidatura) di’ak liu fali, saida mak ha’u planeia”, tenik ba Lusa dirijente, eis-sekretáriu ezekutivu husi Komunidade Nasaun Lian Portugéz, iha tinan 2008-2012.
Bá iha Lisboa “atu halo preparasaun ikus husi manifestu ne’ebé ami sei aprezenta ba kandidatura lideransa PAIGC nian”, Simões Pereira esplika katak ninia kandidatura natoon kedas ho “movimentu ida ne’ebé mak pozitivu tebtebes” no “ho esperansa bot husi parte sosiedade nian” ne’ebé bele “hato’o virajen importante ida ba nasaun”.
Simões Pereira hateten katak ema barak mak gosta ká simu nia, no nia mós hetan rekomendasaun oioin: “rekomendasaun hirak ne’e ho objetivu atu ami bele lori apresiasaun no aprezentasaun seluk ida ba nasaun”.
“Ami hetan argumentu katak polítika la’os hanesan trampolin ida ba iha poder. Ami hanoin katak sei tenki halo debate substánsia ida kona-ba problema prinsipál ne’ebé iha relasaun ho Guiné, maski nune’e ami tenki aprezenta projetu sosiedade nian”, tenik Pereira.
“Ami hakarak fó pasu ida ne’e, tanba ne’e mak ami ninia manifestu mak sei atu aprezenta ami ninia vizaun kona-ba Guiné-Bissau nu’udar nasaun ida, no sosiedade presiza no ida ne’e mak hanesan ami ninia kontribuisaun”, hatutan tan Simões.
Domingos Simões Pereira hanesan enjeñeiru sivil no industriál, formadu husi Instituto de Engenharia de Odessa (Ukránia) no hanesan mestre ba husi Ciências da Engenharia Civil iha Universidade Estatal de Califórnia, iha Fresno.
Simões Pereira hanesan konselleiru husi primeiru ministru Guiné-Bissau ba Infraestrutura husi Banku Mundiál, ministru Obra Públika, Konstrusaun no Urbanizmu no hanesan mós ministru ba Ekipamentu Sosiál, alénde kargu seluk ne’ebé nia haksumik iha estrutura estatal Guiné nian.
Eis-ministru Rekursu Naturais, Edukasaun, Defeza no Funsaun Públika Aristides Ocante da Silva mós aprezenta ona ninia kandidatura ba kargu lider PAIGC, iha semana kotuk.
Braima Camará, prezidente husi Câmara de Comércio Guiné-Bissau nian, hakarak mós atu okupa kargu ba prezidénsia partidu nian, maibé seidauk formaliza ninia kandidatura.
Iha semana kotuk primeiru-ministru depostu husi Guiné-Bissau, Carlos Gomes Júnior, asumi ona hanesan "kandidatu natural" ba prezidénsia iha rai laran.
Kongresu PAIGC sei hala’o duni iha fulan Maiu, tanba tuir lolos ne’e hala’o tiha ona iha fulan Janeiru.
Guiné-Bissau sofre golpe Estadu, ne’ebé hamosu husi militár sira, iha loron 12 fulan abril tinan 2012 no governu tranzisaun promete atu halo eleisaun jerál iha fulan Abril tinan ida ne’e, maibé adia fali.
Partidu polítiku oioin husi Guiné-Bissau mak hasoru malu ona iha kapitál hodi debate kona-ba períudu tranzisaun ne’ebé la’o daudaun, ho advogasia balun katak eleisaun sei hala’o iha fulan Outubru tinan ida ne’e no balun dehan fali iha fulan Novembru tinan 2014.
SAPO TL com Lusa
Posted: 02 Feb 2013 04:15 AM PST
AMES - 1 February 2013
This week AMES Springvale will enrol four teachers from East Timor in to a special five week intensive course which will spearhead an overall 12 week English language learning experience for the group in Melbourne.
The group will be getting student’s perspective as they take part in a number of General English classes which will introduce them to modern approaches in teaching and learning of the English language. While in Springvale they’ll also check out the AMES Distance Learning (DL) program and the Independent Learning Centre (ILC).
The teachers are part of the Supporting Teachers of English Program (STEP) run by the ‘Friends of Ermera (FOE)’, a local Narre Warned based community group.
FOE Education Advisor (and former AMES teacher) Lee Norris comments, “STEP is designed to prepare teachers to become leaders in English language learning in Ermera, a province of East Timor. Each of these teachers will take back invaluable knowledge, resources and leadership skills to their sub districts in Ermera.”
In addition to the five weeks spent with AMES, the group will visit local schools and language study centres to observe and participate, undertake leadership training and spend time with a volunteer mentor.
STEP participants have to undergo a rigorous selection process Lee explains, “There is a great shortage of teachers in East Timor. Some of these guys initially got teaching jobs in Ermera because they speak some English, a couple of them were translators with the Australian Army as they learnt some English when they were young. They haven’t had much teacher training, only what we’ve been able to give them but it is even more valuable because of the English component.”
The program is fully funded by fundraising activities organised by FOE apart from one place which was donated by the City of Casey. All the home stays are with FOE supporters so are free but more funds need to be raised for the rest of the air fares and day to day expenses for the group.
The group also gathered at AMES HQ in Little Collins Street early this week to meet the Education Management team and AMES CEO Cath Scarth.
To contact Freinds of Ermera, please email Lee Norris.
Any questions or feedback regarding this story should be directed to AMES Media Advisor, Sarah Gilmour on email or 9938 4657.
Posted: 02 Feb 2013 03:59 AM PST
FV - FV - Lusa
Os Serviços Secretos sul-coreanos detetaram novos indícios de atividade na base norte-coreana de Punggye-ri, o que leva as autoridades de Seul a afirmar que o teste nuclear pode estar prestes a acontecer, noticiou a agência Efe.
"Detetámos, num túnel na parte sul das instalações de Punggye-ri, que os trabalhos que alegadamente fazem parte dos preparativos para o ensaio nuclear entraram na sua última fase", explicou o porta-voz em declarações registadas pela agência Yonhap.
Na sexta-feira, fontes do governo sul-coreano asseguraram que a Coreia do Norte tinham instalado equipamentos de medição na base, situada no noroeste do país, e que tinha coberto a entrada do túnel na parte oeste das instalações numa aparente intenção de iludir a vigilância por satélite.
"A Coreia do Norte poderá levar a cabo o teste tanto no túnel oeste como no túnel sul. Na verdade, as atividades no túnel sul poderão estar a ser realizadas para desviar a nossa atenção do túnel oeste, pelo que estamos a vigiar os movimentos de perto", acrescentou hoje o porta-voz do Executivo sul-coreano.
Posted: 02 Feb 2013 03:55 AM PST
FPA – GC - Lusa
O governo indiano aprovou penas mais duras para violadores, incluindo a pena de morte caso a vítima morra ou fique em estado vegetativo, na sequência da morte de uma jovem vítima de violação coletiva num autocarro em Nova Deli.
As mudanças foram recomendadas aos ministros por uma comissão nomeada pelo governo após a morte da jovem de 23 anos que foi brutalmente violada num autocarro a 16 de dezembro e morreu duas semanas depois num hospital de Singapura.
O caso motivou manifestações em todo o país a exigir mais segurança para as mulheres.
"Tomámos medidas rápidas e esperamos que estes passos permitam que as mulheres se sintam mais seguras no nosso país", disse o ministro da Justiça, Ashwani Kumar, aos jornalistas.
"É uma legislação progressista e é consistente com a sensibilidade da nação na sequência da revoltante violação coletiva", acrescentou.
As mudanças agora aprovadas pelo governo têm de ser aprovadas pelo presidente, Pranab Mukherjee, para se tornarem lei. Espera-se que o presidente aprove a nova legislação ainda este fim de semana, devendo depois ser ratificada pelo Parlamento.
Segundo as mudanças, a sentença mínima para casos de violação coletiva, violação de menor, violação por um polícia ou por elementos das autoridades duplica, de 10 para 20 anos de prisão, e pode ser prolongada até prisão perpétua.
A lei prevê ainda a imposição da pena de morte quando a vítima seja morta ou fique em estado vegetativo.
Segundo a lei atual, um violador enfrenta entre sete e dez anos de prisão.
O governo criou ainda novos crimes, como 'voyeurismo' ou perseguição.
Cinco dos seis suspeitos da violação coletiva de 16 de dezembro, incluindo o condutor do autocarro, estão a ser julgadas num tribunal especial em Nova Deli e deverão conhecer hoje a sentença.
O sexto suspeito está a ser julgado num tribunal de menores.
O julgamento dos cinco adultos, acusados formalmente 18 dias após o caso, começou a 21 de janeiro.
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